"In India, the Vedas and the Upanishads painted a cyclical picture of the universe. Right and wrong actions increase the positive and negative potential energy ('apurva') associated with each person. Apurva is eventually released (in this or the next life) and causes good or evil to the person. Basically, misfortune is caused by prior wrongful deeds. It is not only deserved but even required. Life is a loop from the individual back to the individual. This was cosmic justice totally independent of the gods. Wisdom is the realization that everything is suffering, but the realization of suffering does not lead to pessimism: it leads to salvation. Salvation does not require any change in the world. It requires a realization that everything is part of an absolute, or Brahman. Salvation comes from the union of the individual soul ('atman') with the universal soul ('Brahman'). 'Maya', the plurality of the world is an illusion of the senses. Salvation comes from 'moksha': liberation from maya and experience of Brahman. By experiencing the divine within the self, one reaches pure knowledge and becomes one with the eternal, infinite, and conscious being. Nothing has changed in the world: it is the individual's state of mind that has changed. Self-knowledge is knowledge of the absolute.
Buddha focused on the suffering, a ubiquitous state of living beings, but ended up denying the existence of the self: only events exist, the enduring self is an illusion (the 'atman' is an illusion). Each moment is an entirely new existence, influenced by all other moments. To quote a Buddhist scripture, 'only suffering exists, but no sufferer is to be found'. Suffering can be ended by overcoming ignorance and attachment to Earthly things."
- Piero Scaruffi
"We all live on the same planet, but each of us lives in their own world."
- Lin Tan